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Until recently many archaeologists doubted the existence of Nazareth.

The Caesar Edict /The Nazareth Inscription

The Nazareth Inscription is a 24" x 15" marble tablet with a 14-line "Edict of Caesar" proscribing capital punishment for tomb-breakers, acquired by the Frohner Collection in 1878 from Nazareth. Michael Green [Man Alive, 1968, p. 36] cites a secular source of early origin that bears testimony to Jesus' empty tomb.

This piece of evidence is also called the Nazareth Inscription, after the town where it was found. It is an imperial edict, belonging either to the reign of Tiberius (A.D. 14-37) or of Claudius (A.D. 41-54). And it is an invective, backed with heavy sanctions, against meddling around with tombs and graves! It looks very much as if the news of the empty tomb had reached Rome in a garbled form (Pilate would have had to report: and he would obviously have said that the tomb had been rifled). This edict, it seems, is the imperial reaction.


"It is my decision concerning graves and tombs--whoever has made
them for the religious observances of parents, or children, or household
members--that these remain undistrubed forever. But if anyone legally
charges that another person has destroyed, or has in any manner extracted
those who have been buried, or has moved with wicked intent those who
have been buried to other places, committing a crime against them, or has
moved sepulchre-sealing stones, against such a person, I order that a
judicial tribunal be created, just as is done concerning the gods in
human religious observances, even more so will it be obligatory to treat
with honor those who have been entombed. You are absolutely not to
allow anyone to move those who have been entombed. But if
someone does, I wish that violator to suffer capital punishment under
the title of tomb-breaker. Translaation from the Greek by Clyde Billington

Also

"Despite the Hellenization of the general region and the probability that Greek was known to many people it seems likely that Nazareth remained a conservative Jewish village. After the Jewish war with the Romans from AD 66-70 it was necessary to re-settle Jewish priests and their families. Such groups would only settle in unmixed towns, that is towns without Gentile inhabitants. According to an inscription discovered in 1962 in Caesarea Maritima the priests of the order of Elkalir made their home in Nazareth. This, by the way, is the sole known reference to Nazareth in antiquity, apart from written Christian sources... (next paragraph) Some scholars had even believed that Nazareth was a fictitious invention of the early Christians; the inscription from Caesarea Maritima proves otherwise." Paul Barnett[BSNT], Behind the Scenes of the New Testament, IVP:1990, p.42: