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ARCHAEOLOGICAL PERIOD                                 APPROXIMATE DATES                                    BIBLICAL EVENTS

 

Paleolithic (Old Stone Age)                                             Before 10000 B.C.                                                Gen 1 - 11

Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age)                                        10000 to 8000 B.C.                                             Gen 1 - 11

Neolithic (New Stone Age)                                               8000  to 4500 B.C.                                              Gen 1 -11
    Pre-Pottery Neolithic                                                     8000 to 6000 B.C.                                               Gen 1 - 11
    Pottery Neolithic                                                            6000 to 4500 B.C.                                               Gen 1 - 11

Chalcolithic (Bronze/Stone Age)                                      4500 to 3150 B.C.                                              Gen 1 - 11

Bronze (or Canaanite)                                                          3150 - 1200 B.C.                                                Gen 1 - 11
    Early Bronze                                                                     3150 - 2200 B.C.                                                Abraham - Jacob enters Egypt
    Middle Bronze                                                                 2200 - 1550 B.C.                                                The Exodus and conquest
    Late Bronze                                                                       1550 - 1200 B.C.                                           

Iron (or Israelite)                                                                   1200 - 586 B.C.                   
    Iron I (or Early Iron)                                                         1200 - 1000 B.C.
    Iron II (or Middle Iron)                                                     1000 -  900 B.C.                                              
    Iron III                                                                                   800 - 586 B.C.                                                Israel and Judah fall (722 & 580 B.C.)

Persian (or Babylonian/Persian, or late Iron)                     586 - 332 B.C.                                               Babylonian captivity (586 - 539 B.C.)

Hellenistic                                                                                 332 - 37 B.C.

Roman                                                                                   37 B.C. - 324 A.D.

Byzantine (Early Church Age of Roman Empire)           324 A.D.- 640 A.D